Friday, August 21, 2020

A basic Introduction of Culture and its meaning

An essential Introduction of Culture and its significance The word culture is created from Latin expression of cultura which means care, or cultus that implies human advancement. (Harper 2010) It can be characterized as entangled arrangement of practices that offer and practice by a given gathering of individuals or society. This incorporates convictions, values, information, laws, propensities and material articles. (Andersen and Taylor 2007) Cultural and society are interwoven and they can't be isolated from one another. Society alludes to gatherings of individuals who remains in a similar area and keeps similar laws executed by their nations. (Kendall 2010) Hence, individuals in a similar area will ordinarily play out a similar culture. (Brinkerhoff et al 2008) A few communists see culture as a lifestyle (Mohanthy 2005) respects to individuals perspectives and carrying on. (Macionis 2005) Culture additionally alludes to exercises or images that made and embraced by individuals to manage certain issues so as to get by in their surroundings and acknowledged by their general public. (Brym and Lie 2007) Further, it can likewise be a device to join the general public so everybody can energize together by having a similar culture, same course. (Andersen and Taylor 2007) For instance, Malaysia is well known as rich social legacy due to having various races with different societies that unite individuals (Boey 2007) particularly through the most recent One Malaysia idea. (Bernama 2009) Culture is shared and transmitted from age to age for future direction. (Kendall 2010) Different societies will be shared when there are different races and morals gatherings. (Andersen and Taylor 2007) This can be clarified further by the way of life of disseminating red bundles during Chinese New Year by Chinese. This culture of giving red bundles doesn't just share by Chinese in actuality it has been embraced by Malays in disseminating green parcels during Hari Raya festivity. (Faroukaperu 2010) Thus, culture is found out and not conceived intuitively. (Andersen and Taylor 2007) Next, culture is changing all the occasions and diverse across to places. Individuals these days will in general change their societies dependent on their inclinations. For instance, individuals these days will wear dark array during Chinese New Year even it is disallowed by their customary societies. Individuals in US will kiss and embrace as their method of welcome which is entirely unexpected from Malaysia where there will be no cozy activities in welcome. This shows even similar activities can bring various implications when it applied in various nations on account of their recognize societies. (on the same page) Substance of Culture Section Two There are two distinct kinds of culture, which are material and non-material societies. Material culture alludes to roughly (Ferrante 2008) or human made things that can be seen, use, and offer by society. (Kendall 2010) They are significant as confirmations to demonstrate the current of past, current and approaching society. (Epitacio and Palispis 1996) Contrarily, non-material culture can be characterized as impalpable ideas that will influence on how individuals carry on. (Kendall 2010) This comprises of images, language, qualities, convictions and standards that made and followed by specific gathering of individuals in the public eye which I will talk about beneath. (Epitacio and Palispis 1996) Images The nearness of culture is a direct result of human ability to develop and get to images. (Popenoe 1989) Symbols are kind of unmistakable items or thoughts that individuals name them with divisions or implies. (Ferrante 2008) Symbols grant individuals to order their experience and extrapolate from it. This can be appeared by the images of daddy and mummy that can't be just location to anybody. As the infant regularly heard the words, in this way he knows who he should deliver these expressions to. (Brym and Lie 2007) Images can likewise make enthusiasm, affable or scorn since they are spoken to by certain unmistakable things. For instance, national melodies can represent patriotism, roses speak to affable and weapons speak to contempt. Next, white shade of outfit and pieces of clothing are typically worn by lady of the hour and spouse since white represents virtue. Individuals may likewise utilize images to show their status in the general public, for instance the vehicle BMW is an image of rich and well off. Henceforth, at whatever point we see somebody driving BMW, we will consequently sort that individuals as rich. (Kendall 2010) What's more, images of motions that appear to be perfect can some of the time affront individuals with various societies. The approval motion that generally express fantastic can be inconvenient in Australia as it implies up yours. They need to recollect that there are diverse representative implications in various society and new images can be made whenever. (Macionis 2005) Language Language is a kind of images that license individuals to share their ideas, permit them to consider carefully before cooperate with individuals. (Anderson and Taylor 2007) There are verbal and nonverbal dialects. (Kendall 2010) Language is viewed as the most significant image in communicating our past, feeling and legend since it is straight forward and straightforward. (Popenoe 1989) A few communists affirmed that language can be utilized to separate human from creatures. (Epitacio and Palispis 2007) Scientist Steven Pinker has asserted that language is the thing that normally conceived by people. (Brym and Lie 2007) Although creatures don't speak with one another by language, they do be able to adapt however with constraints. For example, parrot that will follow on what the mentors train it to be. Be that as it may, yet, their recollections are positive and they don't have the ability to comprehend the importance of its. In this way, creatures can't pass the messages to their descendants dissimilar to human. (Kendall 2010) Language and culture are indivisible. As kids gain proficiency with their language, they will see progressively about their way of life and take an interest completely into it. The feeling of assets to their own way of life can be made and through language they can share the former and world after tomorrow. (Ferrante 2008) Through language individuals can understand others encounters and mix-ups to guarantee no redundancy on a similar disappointment. (Epitacio and Palispis 2007) Every language has their own jargon, elocution and methods of building sentences. (Anderson and Taylor 2007) For instance, English language individuals will build a sentence in the subject-action word protests (The young ladies are playing Barbie dolls) which is diverse contrast with Korean subject-object-action word (The young ladies Barbie dolls are playing). Korean and Chinese will initially address their family last name however western individuals will just address their family name after referenced their own name. (Ferrante 2008) Sometimes similar words can likewise articulate diversely by utilizing American or British slang. Further, jargon for tomatoes is known as pomodoro in Luigi and agvabiya in Shoshanna. These unmistakably show the utilizing of dialects can order the general public individuals are in (Brym and Lie 2007) and to shape solidarity inside the gatherings. (Brinkerhoff et al 2008) By and by, Sapir-Whorf Thesis was proposed in 1930s by etymologists Edward Sapir and Benjamin Lee Whorf respect to the connections between encounters, ideas and language. (Brym and Lie 2007) This theory guaranteed that the language individuals use will shape their point of view of fact about what they look like the world (Anderson and Taylor 2007) and no dialects will have similar considerations of reality. (Popenoe 1989) However, numerous researchers discovered this proposition misrepresented the connection among language and individuals idea, methods of carrying on. They do concur that the language could influence their conduct and observation however won't learn it. (Kendall 2010) Language additionally being utilized to separate sex and this can be appeared by case of word manly used to portray he as solid while ladylike is utilized to speak to she as weakling. (Brym and Lie 2007) However, over the long haul, numerous vocabularies that beforehand just allude to men has changed the same number of ladies these days are exceptionally taught. For instance, the word administrator in the past has changed to either seat or director in associations. (Kendall 2010) Qualities and Beliefs Qualities speak to the ideal habits to choose the attractive quality respect to equity, right versus off-base and great refrain awful. (Anderson and Taylor 2007) Values are immaterial thoughts that could shape the compulsiveness of society. (Popenoe 1989) Meanwhile, values likewise shape a people conduct (Anderson and Taylor 2007) and individuals will utilize their qualities as models to assess the disposition of somebody. (Kendall 2010) As asserted by Talcott Parsons (1951), values are soaked up by individuals since they are little through their folks or natural variables. (Popenoe 1989) Thus by assessing the mentalities of somebody, individuals can decide the central qualities on what they realized in the previous. (Epitacio and Palispis 1996) Qualities are proportional with culture. (Macionis 2005) Some societies will esteem more on independence though some will esteem more on gathering. Found in this light, we can understand individuals in US esteem more on independence as they more spotlight on their own accomplishment as opposed to imparting it to other people. This is entirely unexpected with Korean that is prepared to share their upbeat with others and they will in general be greater solidarity. (Ferrante 2008) Besides, values have shared associations with convictions. Convictions are ideas and ideas that predicament individuals together and what they see it ought to be. A few communists guaranteed that convictions are the major for values and managing individuals to go through their lives despite the fact that occasionally it may not be right or corrupt. (Anderson and Taylor 2007) Cultural convictions and qualities don't just impact individuals perspectives yet could shape their methods of carrying on. (Macionis 2005) Another guide to demonstrate that convictions and qualities influence the disposition of individuals can be seen from Kwakiutl bunch who have the propensity for appropriating their affluent to their kin or even to their rivals. (Ander

Sunday, July 12, 2020

Sports College Essay Samples

Sports College Essay SamplesIf you are thinking about writing a sports college essay then you will want to consider some of the sport college essay samples available. You are likely wondering if they are as good as some of the ones that the colleges use, and if the high schoolers who write them really have the benefit of being able to use high quality essays to gain admissions to their chosen college. A lot of people think that high school students can't do that, but it's not so.There are some very good college admission essays available for all types of students, no matter what their age. Most high schools now have a number of opportunities for students to write their own sports college essay, and this is one of those opportunities. All the students need to do is learn a little bit about how to go about doing this, and they can reap the benefits for a number of years to come.It seems that everyone these days has at least one chance to get a set of sports college essay samples. Some high schools have long ago taken advantage of this, and they are giving the essays out as part of the application process. The reasons why this is done include for students to show some kind of recognition of their writing ability, or in order to prove that they have something else going for them besides their athleticism.You might wonder how the kids do come up with so many sports college essay samples, since they already know what the topics are. The reason for this is that they are given a topic to work with that is close to their own area of interest. This is done because of the concept of shared writing, where the students that will be working together have a common goal. They are expected to come up with essays that are similar to each other, which is why they will be using the same samples.You might wonder how the high school student can be as competitive as he is, given that he already knows the topic isclose to his heart. The reason for this is that there is not much that a student can do that will allow him to make any kind of meaningful writing part of his life. It is most likely going to be confined to essay writing, which is not really his thing.Just like writing an essay for any other reason, you are going to be able to look through the sports college essay samples and see that some are being handed out to students that are very talented. Their own personal subjects are going to be the most competitive ones, but there are others that might be similar. It will just depend on the personality of the student.Each essay will have a particular aspect that the student is being judged on. It might be about winning a competition, learning a valuable lesson, or helping someone else out. They can decide what they want to focus on, and they are then going to have a tough time coming up with the best sports college essay samples to put on their own papers.Many high schools give out sports college essay samples to students because of the fact that many of them tend to do well in school. High school students who like sports are going to have the ability to have more success in their admission to college. They will learn things from the sports college essay samples that they may not have known otherwise, and they will also be able to use the work on their own final test.

Wednesday, May 20, 2020

Soldiers At The United States Army - 1202 Words

Soldiers’ Preparation in the U.S. Army Similarly, United States Army has extreme concern with the specific preparation of Soldiers. Therefore, it has developed a program called Physical Readiness Training (PRT). The program’s goal is to train Soldiers to be ready to work in hard duties and sustain activity in assignments or in combat roles (FM 7-22, 2012). The PRT has a high concern with Soldiers health, presenting preparation, recovery, strength and mobility, posture and body mechanics activities. The PRT has three phases to develop in Soldiers the correct physical condition: the conditioning phase, the sustaining phase, and the reconditioning phase. First, the initial conditioning phase is responsible for the practice part in order to develop the movement skills the correct way and prepare Soldiers for the next phase. The second phase is the sustaining phase. This focus phase is to achieve in Soldiers a higher level of physical readiness required in specific tasks and maintain the level achieved. The last phase is the reconditioning phase. During this phase, the intention is to restore the previous physical fitness levels of Soldiers (FM 7-22, 2012). During PRT phases, there is concern in following the principles of the PRT, such as precision, progression, and integration, in order to provide all advantages of the program. Furthermore, the PRT tries to develop the endurance, the strength, and the mobility, considered fundamental components to the success of theShow MoreRelatedBecoming A Soldier At The United States Army1015 Words   |  5 PagesBecoming a soldier in the United States Army is an amazing accomplishment at so young an age, and usually considered to be a good thing. It’s is a career, a job that can provide for a family in the future, as well as providing an identity, job opportunities , college education and friendship with like minded individuals. Being in the Army enhances your life by placing structure in your life, and an provides opportunities to achieve goals and to contribute in all different capacities. While it sRead MoreDiscipline: United States Army and Soldier985 Words   |  4 PagesThe Importance Of Being disciplined/keeping an appearance In The U.S. Army The following essay is a compilation of my personal experiences, definitions, and examples of how discipline is important to surviving in today’s U.S. Army. Discipline is increased when one constantly adheres to the standards set by his superiors and maintains not only his bering, but appearance as well. Discipline is: acting in accordance with the rules put in place and behaving in accordance to the rules of conductRead MoreI Am A United States Army Soldier1776 Words   |  8 Pages I have always wanted to be a United States Army soldier. The purpose of the Army is to preserve peace and security and providing for the defense of the United States, the commonwealths, possessions and any areas occupied by the United States. While being apart of this strong, ambitious and motivated group, I would like to be apart of the communication and networking field by becoming a radio operator. At the age of eleven years old, I was able to fix my radio that had been broken with ripped wiringRead MoreA Brief Note On The United States Army Most Soldiers1647 Words   |  7 PagesIn the United States Army most Soldiers want to know if they can have trust in their Non Commissioned Officers , and they can if they are treated right and the Non Commissioned Officer does what is right and what is legal, at all times. Soldiers want to know and learn a few things from their Non Commissioned Officers. They want to know if the are concerned about them or whether the Non Commissioned Offi cers focus is up the chain of command and promotion for him or herself or is the Non CommissionedRead MoreRespecting Ncos in the United States Army1053 Words   |  5 PagesCommissioned Officers in the United States Army SPC Tannar W. Pope The United States Army is one of the most powerful militaries on the planet. It has been said that Non-Commissioned Officers are the backbone of the United States Army. Respect for the non-commissioned officers is integral for any Army mission. Respect is an Army value and as such, should influence a soldier’s actions daily. Throughout this paper I will first define and describe respect in the United States Army, then outline the roleRead MoreArmy And The United States Army1037 Words   |  5 Pagesofficer to know where their soldiers are at and to know what they are doing. These certain actions leave a non commissioned officer without respect for their rank, making their soldiers not to use the proper chain of command. Some commanders go against their ethics while they are performing their duties and influences younger officers to do the same thing. There is no other army in the world that uses their non commissioned officers like they are used in the United States army, putting more responsibilitiesRead MoreThe Importance of Flag Detail in the Military Essay911 Words   |  4 Pagesrevolutionary war and the everlasting significance of today. As soldiers, we pledge to honor, serve, and protect the flag and the United States of America at all cost. In this paper, the relationship between the American flag and the United States Army will be explored through the histories of both. Furthermore, the importance of flag detail will be discussed by linking the two entities together as one. Without the American flag’s representation, the Army has no purpose; no means to exist. The first AmericanRead MoreMilitary Appearance and Uniform1045 Words   |  5 Pagesdifferent standards that sets us apart from the everyday use of a regular uniform. In everyday life we see people wearing uniforms to be identify in the job that they do an the Army has the uniform to show that a member wearing it is a soldier and that’s what makes it so important. An Army uniform is actually described in Army regulations and Federal law allows military uniforms to be only worn by persons serving in the military. Uniforms tell you not only that a person belongs to a certain group butRead MoreThe United States Army Is One Of The Oldest American Institutions1425 Words   |  6 PagesThe United States Army is one of the oldest American institutions that has been around longer than the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution. The Army has many accomplishments throughout its time to include ending slavery and winning two world wars. The uniform of the army represents many things to the soldiers who serve, the families that support the soldiers, and the American citizens. The soldiers that are serving wear the uniform knowing that th ere will be hardships that they mustRead MoreEssay on Accountability in Army885 Words   |  4 PagesA Soldier’s Accountability A soldier of the United States Army has many values that are set forth in the â€Å"Soldier’s Creed.† The Soldier’s Creed states: I am an American Soldier. I am a Warrior and a member of a team. I serve the people of the United States and live the Army Values. I will always place the mission first. I will never accept defeat. I will never quit. I will never leave a fallen comrade. I am disciplined, physically and mentally tough, trained and proficient in my

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

What Factors Must a Firm Consider While Addressing the...

Q: 3 (A) What factors must a firm consider while addressing the make or buy decision? Ans: International Operations management and corporate strategy: Operations management of an International business needs to be integrated with the firm’s corporate strategy. The central role of operations management is to create the potential for achieving superior value for the firm. If operations management takes Rs. 100 worth of inputs and brings out product worth Rs. 150, it has crated considerable value for the firm. However, if it requires Rs. 140 worth of inputs to obtain the same output, value creation does take place, but is very little. Therefore, the way in which the firm structures and manages its operations management function both†¦show more content†¦The arguments that support vertical integration and the risks associated with outsourcing. The risks of outsourcing are incidentally the supportive arguments for any decisions to make. Reasons for Outsourcing: 1. Strategic flexibility-switching orders between suppliers as circumstances dictate 2. Cost reduction 3. Focus on core competencies 4. Minimize inventory, materials handling, and other non-value-added costs. 5. Reduce development and production cycle times 6. Improve efficiency 7. Possibility of obtaining orders from the country where suppliers are located. Risks of Outsourcing 1. Loss of control 2. Conversion costs 3. Possibility of being tied to obsolete technology 4. Exposure to supplier risks; financial strength, loss of commitment to outsourcing, slow implementation, promised features not available, lack of responsiveness poor quality 5. Loss of protection over proprietary technology 6. Denial of the possibility of specialized investments Trade-offs is always involved in make or buys decisions. The benefits of manufacturing components in house seem to be very strong when highly specialized assets are involved, when firm is simply more efficient than external suppliers at performing a particular activity. When these conditions are not present, the risks of strategic inflexibility and organizational problems suggest that it may be better contract out manufacturing components to independent suppliers. Since issues of strategic flexibilityShow MoreRelatedSupply Mgmt Case Studies1781 Words   |  8 PagesCase Study #1 - Sunspot, Inc 1. What are the most likely benefits of forming strategic supply alliances with Sunspot’s key suppliers? A strategic alliance between Sunspot and its key suppliers will result in a relationship based on trust. It’s key for both parties to develop and manage this â€Å"institutional† trust or the alliance will fail. Trust will facilitate communication which will lead to less errors and higher quality, faster development times, and lower costs. Synergies created byRead MoreThe Food And Drug Administration1585 Words   |  7 PagesThe American family has come a long way from the what we use to know as the T.V. dinner of the 1950s prepared in the stove comprised of portions of meat, vegetables and dessert in the divided foil tray. Multinational and national corporations must think of innovative concept to drive current and new customers to its particular microwavable frozen meals products. The microwavable frozen meals e.g. Healthy Choice, Lean Cuisine, Michelina s, etc. are occasionally healthier and/ or at times a betterRead MoreSunspot Inc Case Study1635 Words   |  7 PagesCase Study # 1 – Sunspot Inc. 1. What are the most likely benefits of forming strategic supply alliances with Sunspot’s key suppliers? I believe that it is important to realize that a strategic alliance or partnership is solely depended on trust and faith in the relationship between all involved in simultaneous stages should not change or use those stages for their own advantage without consideration of the organization involved. Some of the advantages would be: - Developing competences and learningRead MoreAffordable Care Act ( Aca ) Clause That Allows People Under The Age Of 261661 Words   |  7 PagesScott E. Harrington. Charles Wheelan, author of Introduction to Public Policy, discusses The Human Development Index (HDI) developed by Mahbub ul Haq in 1990 in his book. HDI measured human well-being in an equation incorporating several significant factors, the pinnacle of which was measuring life expectancy at birth. In 2010’s Human Development Report by the United Nations Development Programme, US was far behind the top 10 ranked countries. It was clear that the time to bring change to the MedicaidRead MoreAffordable Care Act ( Aca ) Clause That Allows People Under The Age Of 261727 Words   |  7 PagesHarrington (2010). Charles Wheelan (2010), author of Introduction to Public Policy, discusses The Human Development Index (HDI) developed by Mahbub ul Haq in 1990 in his book. HDI measured human well-being in an equation incorpora ting several significant factors, the pinnacle of which was measuring life expectancy at birth. In 2010’s Human Development Report by the United Nations Development Programme, US was far behind the top 10 ranked countries. It was clear that the time to bring change to the MedicaidRead MoreApplying A Long Term Investment Program2318 Words   |  10 Pagesmonthly take-home salary is $2,000. Your monthly expenses are $1,600. Based on this information, what steps should you take to establish a long-term investment program? The first step in establishing a long-term investment strategy is to determine your goals for that investment. These goals should be S.M.A. R.T. However, before setting these goals into motion that individual should first consider their current financial situation and ensure that they have a solid foundation from which to startRead MoreAn Overview of Bilingual Education amongst Chinese Immigrants2307 Words   |  9 PagesImmigrants Managerial Decision Case: Should our small, local paper-supply business sell out to a big national corporation with a broader economic reach? Executive Summary: The following is a case examination in which a small, local paper-supply company determines that it is most expedient to consent to a buy-out by a big national chain. The discussion here will examine the reasons why this was chosen as the most appropriate course of action and will identify a number of the factors, costs and evaluativeRead MoreCase02Olivers Essay8060 Words   |  33 Pageshad ten days to decide if they wanted to bid on one, both, or neither of the locations (extensive demographic data for Oliver’s existing locations and for the proposed sites are provided). In reaching a decision on whether or not to purchase and retrofit the new site(s), Maass and Scott had to consider the ongoing challenge of differentiating Oliver’s in a low-growth, fragmented industry. National chains were seeking market share growth largely by increasing store counts and developing new marketingRead MoreCapitalism And Ethics Of Our Society1541 Words   |  7 Pagesdrive to make a profit. Both parties to a willingly exchange transaction have their own interest in the aftermath, but neither can attain what he or she wants without addressing the other party’s needs. It is this rational self-interest that can lead to economic prosperity. However, many factors prevented capitalism from truly taking off such as feudalism, aristocracies, wars, and even plagues. Capitalism needs stability in order to thrive because people need jobs to be able to have money to buy goodsRead MoreWhy Ethics Is Considered An Exhibited Behaviour Is Right Or Wrong?2815 Words   |  12 Pages20). In the case under consideration, the background behind the firing of Harry is under scrutiny due to his risk taking tendencies. Although he is a talented software engineer, his employer and supervisor have a different perspective of him. They consider him wild and unorthodox. He has managed to develop a reputation through his work both within and outside ACE by solving problems uniquely. Harry pursues his career at home and using his personal resources comes up with a prototype anti-virus. As

Reward Management for Fair Work Act -

Question: Discuss about theReward Management for Fair Work Act. Answer: Introduction The report is prepared to adders the perspectives of different types of stakeholders in business on the management of rewards, benefits and compensation based on the organizational perspective. According to the case study, it can be understood that the rules and regulations in Australia maintained has helped in creating fair work commission to make a national minimum wage order. It is the duty of the minimum wage panel to conduct the review of annual wages during each financial year and ensure that the workers needs and requirements are kept fulfilled. One of the most important legislation can be the Fair Work Act that has created few requirements of the processes that are needed to be reviewed. Thus, the topic will discuss the perspectives, views and opinions of the various stakeholders and ensure that they have reviewed the minimum wage conditions efficiently (Aubert et al. 2014). The contrasting theoretical approaches to minimum wage determination The wage determination theoretical approaches have been combined, as presented in the FWA, is needed for determining the right structure of wages provided to the workers and ensure that it benefits both the employers and employees of the various business organizations in Australia. The topic will also illustrate the reviews and perspectives of the FWC to check whether the aims and objectives of the FWA have been achieved or not. Based on the submissions of ACTU and employer organisations, it could be understood that the Fair Work Act was managed by the Expert Panel, who believed that it could accomplish the requirements of reviewing the national minimum wage in the form of rewards provided at each of the financial years. Based on the feedbacks of the Expert panel, who are also regarded as important stakeholders, the national minimum wage order is set and can help to set the right wages for the employers and employees of the organisation with ease and effectiveness (Brown 2014). The F air Work Act enables to fulfill the requirements of the minimum wage review allow all the individuals to participate in the review panel. According to the reviews, it is clear that the NMW rate has to be set properly and understand the necessity of making any changes to the modern reward minimum wage. The Panel performs its roles and responsibilities by making certain considerations according to section 134 and then set the NMW rate to handle the legal considerations as well. Under the Fair Work Act, the Fair Work Community or FWC is also considered as an important stakeholder who has reviewed the financial years and declared that there may or may not be changes to the national minimum wage order (Bustamam, Teng and Abdullah 2014). Collective bargaining The Fair Work Act has created an impact on the national minimum wage through the encouragement of collective bargaining. The collective bargaining enables to negotiate between both the employees and employers of the organisation to control the salary structure, manage terms and conditions and benefits related to the rights and compensations of the employees. The representatives of the Trade Union provide the interests of the employees and it can also facilitate the scale of pay, working hours, training, health and safety, grievance methods, rights to get involved in the workplace and other company related affairs (Panagopoulos 2012). Wage theory It is seen that the various theories for the determination of wages based on the contribution of labour workforce have changed from time to time with the change in economic business environment. Previously there was subsistence theory that focused more on the labour market supply, and the demands were ignored. The change in workers' supply had facilitated changes in the wages structure and ensured that proper amounts of wages should be paid to the workers so that they could support their families and live properly (Garbers and Konradt 2013). The market price of labour must not change from the actual price, and in case the wages increase more than the subsistence, there would be an increase in the numbers of workers and the rate of wages would come down as well. If the structure of wages decreases than the subsistence., there would be a decrease in the number of workers and the salary would hike for the remaining workers too (Garbers and Konradt 2014). The collective bargaining theory allows for establishing the wages structure, working hours, working conditions according to the bargaining power of the individuals during the agreement. The employers do hold more power and better position to combine the various wages related aspects according to the demands of the employees (Cuevas?Rodrguez, Gomez?Mejia and Wiseman 2012). This would also help them to endure or survive the loss of revenue and even manage the various processes effectively to develop the bargaining strengths of the parties. Based on the review, it could be understood that there had been several changes in the economic environment including the increase in net disposable income by 6.8 percent after it suddenly fell. The inflation rate had also increased though it was lower at the medium target range of RBA. Their statements also proved that the growth in labour productivity was more than the last year and profit level achieved had been consistent during the past few years for both the total and non-mining industries. The major business conditions are also surveyed to assess the positives and ensure that proper wages structure is followed to gain long-term benefits (Karami, Dolatabadi and Rajaeepour 2013). According to the employer organisation, the workers who are paid lesser wages may be forced to suffer from poverty and requirements not met as well whereas the employees who work as full-time workers have been getting a better living standard that can go beyond the poverty level. The stakeholders believ ed that increased level could result in no such inflationary effects and there had been very negligible chances of affecting the employment negatively (Perkins, White and Jones 2016). Based on the responses of ACTU, i.e., an amount of $27.00 has been increased for the NMW and a 3.6 percent increase in the modern award wages. Based on the submissions, it could be understood that the overcompensation benefits provided to the workers has resulted in increasing the rate of inflation, which created further complexities and issue related to the national minimum wages reward. One of the major changes related to the economy that was done had been the decrease in inflation rate and growth in the average wages paid to the employers and employees. This resolved a lot of issues, and even the national minimum wages were increased efficiently (Shields et al. 2015). There were also economic situations where the hospitality, restaurant, retail and few other industries have faced issues due to the occurrence of natural disasters including cyclones, droughts during the previous years. According to ACTU, equal wages should be paid to the workers and ensure that the standards of living for NMW could be improved and the needs and requirements of the employees could be met easily. According to the various Acts, it is necessary to promote social inclusion and national economic prosperity, which can help in providing good workplace relations as well as maintain a good workforce to enhance the production level and promote economic growth as well. From the submissions of ACTU and employer organizations, it is quite evident that there is need to make superannuation contribution for benefiting the employees and even prevent the employer to provide the superannuation guarantee charge according to the legislations and policies implemented (Sparrow 2013). The extent to which these stakeholders approached aligns with contemporary reward management It is evident and true to the fact that the various stakeholders involved in business have been highly involved with the alignment to reward management. They are highly involved with the reward management system, and they have performed their roles and responsibilities properly to ensure that proper amounts of wages are paid to the workers, and they are kept satisfied too. It could be seen that the Panel had the role of increasing the national minimum wage of employees and could also check the effectiveness of economy. The Panel within the stakeholders could also ensure that the award wages had been increased along with the higher production of labour within the organisations without creating any negative impact on the inflation rate (Speiser and Speiser 2012). This would encourage the employees and influence their behaviours to perform better and efficiently as well. It is not easy to measure the rewards and manage those and so to a particular extent, rewards should be relied upon t o ensure that positive effects are created both by the employees and employers. The involvement of stakeholders in the management of rewards is essential for checking the employees' productivity for those who suffer from a disability and also not (Tobey Sr and Yasanthi Perera 2012). There are few limitations that have been faced while allocating labour during the reward management. The human resources department must check the wage structure within the workplace of the organisations. It can help in setting the right wages by addressing the changes in supply and demand, which may have resulted from the structural changes in the economic structure. To some extent, it is also important to be noted that ACTU has supported the reviewing of various literature from US and UK to understand the impact of employment effects on the national minimum wages. The engagement of stakeholders is also essential for ensuring competitiveness within the organisation that can not only improve the economic performance but will also allow for setting the minimum wages provided to the employees of the organisation. The reward management also involves the various employees to ensure that their needs and requirements are fulfilled, and the wages structures are adjusted according to the lab our input and the contribution of the employees to the organisation, rather than focusing on the working hours (Aubert et al. 2014). The employees who are also considered as important stakeholders have the power to do collective bargaining. From various data and information collected, it could be seen that most of the employees had been provided with the wages based on the collective bargaining and this had managed to fulfill their needs and requirements as well (Bustamam, Teng and Abdullah 2014). There are other stakeholders too such as the managers, business professionals, technician and trade workers, sales workers, labourers, operators or machinery and equipments, etc. The employees who are paid lesser wages shall have to be provided with proper benefits based on the growth in production level. With the labour share of income-decreasing at both economy level and reward management level, it is also important to make sure that growth in production level is achieved and the living standards of the employees are improved too (Panagopoulos 2012). The employers also have the responsibilities of setting the wages of employees based on the power of market held by the employers. Within the area of enormous competition, the maximization of profit is based on the wages provided and employment practices as well. Therefore, it could be concluded that the stakeholders had been aligned with the reward management to a large extent (Cuevas?Rodrguez, Gomez?Mejia and Wiseman 2012). Conclusion The topic focused on the various aspects of reward management considering the reviewing of modern award minimum wages and thereby created a national minimum wage order. The Fair Work Act was considered as useful for setting out the most important process requirements for the review and ensured successful management of rules and regulations of minimum wages provided to the employees. The impact of ACTU, NMW and the involvement of various stakeholders involved in business had helped in setting the right amount of wages provided to the employees. The various theories including the wage theory and subsistence theories had been considered here as useful along with the submissions made by ACTU and employer organizations to determine the ways of setting wages. The stakeholders who were approached had also been involved with the reward management largely for creating a positive impact on the setting of wages of employees within the organizations. References Aubert, N., Garnotel, G., Lapied, A. and Rousseau, P., 2014. Employee ownership: A theoretical and empirical investigation of management entrenchment vs. reward management.Economic Modelling,40, pp.423-434. Brown, D., 2014. The Future of Reward Management: From Total Reward Strategies to Smart Rewards.Compensation Benefits Review,46(3), pp.147-151. Bustamam, F.L., Teng, S.S. and Abdullah, F.Z., 2014. Reward management and job satisfaction among frontline employees in hotel industry in Malaysia.Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences,144, pp.392-402. Cuevas?Rodrguez, G., Gomez?Mejia, L.R. and Wiseman, R.M., 2012. Has agency theory run its course?: Making the theory more flexible to inform the management of reward systems.Corporate Governance: An International Review,20(6), pp.526-546. Garbers, Y. and Konradt, U., 2014. The effect of financial incentives on performance: A quantitative review of individual and team?based financial incentives.Journal of occupational and organizational psychology,87(1), pp.102-137. Karami, A., Dolatabadi, H.R. and Rajaeepour, S., 2013. Analyzing the effectiveness of reward management system on employee performance through the mediating role of employee motivation case study: Isfahan Regional Electric Company.International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences,3(9), p.327. Panagopoulos, C., 2012. Extrinsic rewards, intrinsic motivation and voting.The Journal of Politics,75(1), pp.266-280. Perkins, S.J., White, G. and Jones, S.E., 2016.Reward management: Alternatives, consequences and contexts. Kogan Page Publishers. Shields, J., Brown, M., Kaine, S., Dolle-Samuel, C., North-Samardzic, A., McLean, P., Johns, R., O'Leary, P., Robinson, J. and Plimmer, G., 2015.Managing Employee Performance Reward: Concepts, Practices, Strategies. Cambridge University Press. Sparrow, P.R., 2013. 11 International reward management.Reward management: a critical text, p.233. Speiser, M.L. and Speiser, L., Yahoo! Inc., 2012.Automated reward management for network-based contests. U.S. Patent 8,224,696. Tobey Sr, D.H. and Yasanthi Perera, B., 2012. Corporate social responsibility initiatives: A stakeholder model for aligning competing values in West Africa.African Journal of Economic and Management Studies,3(1), pp.95-115.

Thursday, April 23, 2020

Twelfth night analysus Essay Example For Students

Twelfth night analysus Essay She states simply that no matter how suitable he is for her, she wants to stick to the romantic notions of love and says simply, I cannot love him Dramatic irony is continually featured specifically in this scene, the audience are capable of knowing the immediate circumstances of the story more than the actual characters within it; we are able to see a discrepancy between characters perceptions and the reality they face. Viola and Olivias beliefs become ironic since they are different from the reality of their immediate situation, and their intentions are likewise different from their actions. We will write a custom essay on Twelfth night analysus specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now This not only creates tension between the characters, but between the audience and the characters who wait in suspense for the truth to be revealed. Olivia combats her issues of class difference, while Viola attempts to control her jealously of Orsinos love demoting Olivias womanhood. After introductions they become very personal, and Olivia asks, what are you what would you? in a very impersonal manner, to which Viola ironically replies, What I am, and what I would, are as secret as maidenhood. This has an overt meaning as well as an ostensible one. Viola intends to examine her rival more closely but is drawn into an increasingly intimate exchange that grows out of the secret of their shared maidenhood her maidenhood is oblivious to Olivia, who only sees the surface truth. Viola moreover is left in the dark about Olivias character, I see what you are, thinking she is seeing the real Olivia, however blinded by her jealousy, fails to notice the humility and honesty of Olivias tone. Refusing to believe that Olivia could be as good of a suit as herself for the Duke, is only visible to the audience. The initial formalities carried out by servant and Lady is lost, as they continue their conversation in a more familiar manner. Olivia is entangled in Cesarios romantic vision of how he would love her if he were the Duke and ironically Viola is wishing that she was also the object of such passion from the Duke. Olivia is so used to the passive images that the Duke leaves her to imagine in his speeches, that she is overwhelmed when this attractive youth is romantically preaching about the willow cabin and love that is beyond the elements of air and earth116,264, she is captivated by the romantic image Cesario creates. Violas objective was not to attract Olivia for herself though this is clear through Olivia saying very enthusiastically, You might do much , a turning point in the scene. The audience is aware that this is in fact what she has succeeded in achieving, yet Viola does not yet see. What is your parentage? asks Olivia, keen to know Cesarios social status and background, as we also know in addition to not loving Orsino she does not wish to marry above her station. On finding Cesario is in fact a gentleman she is keen to pursue him inviting him back unless perchance you come to me again/to tell me how he takes it. On departure Viola turns down the money that Olivia tries to give her, reinstating her original noble status claiming my master, not myself, lacks recompense. Olivias repetition of above my fortunes discloses her contemplation of Cesario as a potential husband furthermore even so quickly may one catch the plague she is surprised herself and the speed of her infatuation and paralleling love to the plague implies the overt threat of the plague of love throughout the play, moreover echoing Act 1 scene 1 showing the grave reality of her situation. Olivia herself is aware of the irony of her situation perusing Cesario however this is where her age comes into consideration. .u16deaaa75336773fade08f60cd2ecbc4 , .u16deaaa75336773fade08f60cd2ecbc4 .postImageUrl , .u16deaaa75336773fade08f60cd2ecbc4 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u16deaaa75336773fade08f60cd2ecbc4 , .u16deaaa75336773fade08f60cd2ecbc4:hover , .u16deaaa75336773fade08f60cd2ecbc4:visited , .u16deaaa75336773fade08f60cd2ecbc4:active { border:0!important; } .u16deaaa75336773fade08f60cd2ecbc4 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u16deaaa75336773fade08f60cd2ecbc4 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u16deaaa75336773fade08f60cd2ecbc4:active , .u16deaaa75336773fade08f60cd2ecbc4:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u16deaaa75336773fade08f60cd2ecbc4 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u16deaaa75336773fade08f60cd2ecbc4 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u16deaaa75336773fade08f60cd2ecbc4 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u16deaaa75336773fade08f60cd2ecbc4 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u16deaaa75336773fade08f60cd2ecbc4:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u16deaaa75336773fade08f60cd2ecbc4 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u16deaaa75336773fade08f60cd2ecbc4 .u16deaaa75336773fade08f60cd2ecbc4-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u16deaaa75336773fade08f60cd2ecbc4:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: 1-3-1 EssayOlivia could either be a mature lady of gracious manor, or a young girl forgetting to be discreet for her eagerness Expressing interest in Cesario for first time, these broken lines are what Viola later refers to as Olivia speaking in starts distractedly she now too is very aware of the grave yet comical situation. Olivia declares that she had found Viola attractive, Methinks I feel the youths perfections. Acting on this, and going against her seven years of not seeing another man, she sends for Malvolio to take a ring to Viola so that he may return with it. Some disguises are deceptive and some deceptions are disguised, Feste at the beginning of the scene calls Olivia is a fool redirecting our attention to her rash vow and other speeches of his which obscurely foreshadow its abandonment and her marriage. As there is no true cuckold but calamity jove cram with brains Love is an irresistible passion, whether it be Orsinos for Olivia or Violas for Orisno, or Olivias for the disguised Viola all are fundamental to the play. Shakespeare challenges gender roles and the conventions of romance in his use of disguise however Viola does not conform. The sea captain never returns with her maiden weeds . In refusing to readmit a feminine Viola at the conclusion, the play seems hesitant to renounce the social and sexual inversions, moreover there is no real resolution for Malvolio who threatens revenge on the whole pack of you!